Captura do Valor da Terra, Soluções Smart City e PPP

As soluções Smart City oferecem muitas oportunidades para tornar nossas cidades inteligentes e sustentáveis. No entanto, as administrações locais enfrentam limitações em termos de capacidade de investimento.

Via de regra, qualificar o espaço urbano e tornar as cidades inteligentes e sustentáveis gera atratividade e valorização imobiliária.

Como as administrações locais podem, ao mesmo tempo, promover esta transformação e capturar parte deste valor gerado para financiar os investimentos necessários?

Esse será o tema central do Painel “Captura do Valor da Terra, Soluções para Cidades Inteligentes e PPP”, que ocorrerá no dia 17/4, das 11:30 as 13h, como parte da programação do Congresso Smart City, no Expor Center Norte, em São Paulo, entre os dias 16 e 18 de abril de 2018.

No Brasil, a imensa maioria dos municípios depende de transferências de recursos financeiros dos estados e da união.

No entanto, desde a aprovação do Estatuto das Cidades (lei 10.257/2001) há vários instrumentos que permitem aos municípios capturar parte da valorização da terra urbana, tais como:

  • IPTU
  • IPTU Progressivo
  • Contribuição de Melhoria
  • Outorga Onerosa
  • Desapropriação
  • Direito de Preempção
  • Consórcio Imobiliário
  • Reajuste de Terras
  • Prestações Urbanísticas
  • Concessão Urbanística
  • Mais Valia e Mais Valerá
  • Operação Urbana Consorciada

Além de poder representar importante incremento de receitas municipais, eles servem também como ferramentas de planejamento urbano, induzindo a geração de um ciclo de sustentabilidade tanto do ponto de vista urbanístico, quanto financeiro, reduzindo a dependência dos Municípios e viabilizando investimentos de longo prazo, por meio de Parcerias Público – Privadas. No entanto, fora o IPTU, os demais instrumentos de Captura da Valorização da Terra instituídos pelo Estatuto da Cidade são muito pouco utilizados. Sem falar no potencial de aproveitamento das terras públicas.

Terei o prazer de moderar o debate com alguns dos melhores especialistas do país para tratar dos diferentes aspectos envolvidos neste tema. Bruno Aurélio, Doutor em Direto Administrativo, da Tauil & Chequer Advogados, Carlos Leite, Urbanista, Professor, Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Grupo Pesquisa Instrumentos Urbanos Inovadores, Diretor, Stuchi & Leite Projetos & Consultoria em Desenvolvimento Urbano, Danilo Igliori, Professor de Economia USP, Chairman do DATA-Zap, Sergio Lopes Cabral, Economista, Diretor SP Parceiras, Prefeitura de São Paulo, Rogério Princhak, Engenheiro, Titular da Secretaria Executiva das PPP do Governo do Estado da Bahia, Coordenador Nacional da RedePPP e Luciana Freitas de Oliveira, Superintendente Nacional de Inteligência Corporativa e Estratégia da Caixa (a confirmar).

Como combinar instrumentos urbanísticos para a produção de uma cidade inclusiva e sustentável e valorização imobiliária?

Qual a relação entre investimento em infraestrutura e serviços urbanos e valorização imobiliária.

Como é possível utilizar instrumentos de captura de valorização da Terra (terras e/ou imóveis, cepacs e outorgas onerosas) para lastrear contratos de PPP?

Quais os limites e oportunidades da aplicação desses instrumentos na perspectiva do poder público e do setor privado?

Estas são algumas das questões a serem debatidas pelo Painel.

Pessoalmente, vejo este como um tema de grande relevância, num momento em que a capacidade de investimento público está bastante limitada, sobretudo para os municípios. Nesse sentido, chamar atenção para essa alternativa que está, institucionalmente, ao alcance das administrações municipais é fundamental para contribuir para tornar nossas cidades inteligentes e sustentáveis.

Land Value Capture, Urban Regeneration and Social Inclusion

This week I am participating in the World Bank Conference on Land and. In the two panels that I’ve spoken, I’ve highlighted some core ideas about Land Value Capture for Urban Regeneration and Social Inclusion process towards building sustainable cities.

Long Term Urban Improvement Program increases real estate value, allowing the application of LVC instruments. These must be taken as financing tool and urban policy instrument at same time. In a scenario of an increasing demand for urban infrastructure and services, it can improve local administrations planning and investment capacity.

For that some aspects are fundamental:

  • A Long Term Urban Strategy Transformation view
  • The dedicated entity to assure the focused implementation
  • Strong Government commitment in the beginning
  • Strong communication strategy
  • Dialogue capacity
  • Technical capacity – time for preparation
  • Build an environment for investment
  • Balance the urban objectives and financial gains
  • Promote Quick wins
  • Culture and heritage elements appreciation are adding value components for urban regeneration
  • Social Inclusion is fundamental to promote mixed use and integration
  • It is fundamental to work on the subjective dimension – enhancing self-esteem and belonging – for bringing people on board
  • Social inclusion strategy strengths Urban Regeneration Program towards sustainable urban development

DYwt9GcWsAI-A99

Urban Regeneration and Land Value Capture

When there is an improvement on urban space, an increase in land and real estate value comes – immediately or later on. So, why not local administrations take part of that increase to finance the urban infrastructure and services?

This was the main issue approached at the Technical Deep Dive (TDD) on Urban Regeneration and Land Value Capture, in Tokyo, last week, organized by Tokyo Development Learning Center (TDLC), a collaboration of the World Bank and the Government of Japan.

It was just after the World Urban Forum 9th, that took place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, led by UN-Habitat. In this meeting, delegates from governments, multilateral agencies and civil society from all over the world were refining strategies to implement the New Urban Agenda (NUA) and the Sustainable Development Goals(SDG), towards sustainable cities. Social and affordable housing, urban mobility, urban environment, culture and heritage are some of the main issues to address. As part of this agenda, the issue on how to finance the sustainable urban development is one of the big challenges for local governments.

Alberto Tokyo

Some of the key elements in terms of context are quite common among the cities, like the sprawl and the local government limited financial capacity.  The continuum sprawl demands more and more expansion of urban infrastructure and public services, and, in many cases leaves brownfield and abandon areas within the existing urban fabric while the cities have no financial autonomy to cover their investment needs.

Those issues were discussed in the TDD with city delegations from Algiers, Barranquilla, Bucharest, Brasov, Colombo, Karachi, Manaus, Tbilisi and Zanzibar, and national delegations from Mexico, Palestine and Togo. Coordinated by Dan Levine, Valerie Joy Santos and Ayat Soliman, from World Bank, the debates were focused on identify instruments and methods of Land Value Capture to apply as funding mechanism for the urban regeneration projects and for building partnerships with private sector. Also, international cases were presented by Dr Jaemin Song (Seoul Metropolitan Government), Candice Damon (HR&A), Michael Cohen (Former director of economic & workforce development for the City of San Francisco), Jim O’Gara (Managing Director, Emerging Markets, Deloit Financial Advisory Services LLP), and myself as former President of Rio de Janeiro’s Port Area Urban Development Company). The group has also visited examples of the application of land adjustment, air rights and TOD in Tokyo, Kawasaki and Yokohama.

51b8098f-426c-42e0-809d-22e9b4ec69d8-original

During the meeting it was possible to verify different ways to apply instruments. For example, in Japan the air rights are used as a tool for compensation for land owners in land readjustments projects, were part of the land is taken for public needs (parks, roads, public equipment’s); in Brazil, as presented through the Porto Maravilha’s case, the air rights were sale and the funds raised were applied for urban regeneration. In São Francisco, the compensation for new urban regulation came as social and affordable houses and other facilities.

In the majority of the countries, urban and urban land regulation are under local government mandate. It means that even in the cases that some of the instruments for land value capture are not in place, it is possible to create such types of regulation. In certain cases, like in Brazil, for example, they already exist, however their application are very rare. So, it is still a challenge to demonstrate the potentialities of these instruments for helping local governments for urban planning and management.

It was very inspiring days sharing the experiences and desires from cities with so different contexts. Among the lessons raised by the participants and reflected in their action plans, the potentiality for generating value using urban regulation were emphasized, which can increase the local government’s autonomy to implement urban policies. Also, many different ways for private sector’s engagement were presented. Another relevant lesson from the case studies were the need for strong engagement form the mayors.

However, it is very important to highlight that the application of these instruments must be based in a city’s long-term view and strategy in order to assure that the gains from the project represents better urban environment and improves peoples’ quality of life.